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1511 ANTONINUS OF FLORENCE Summa IV CATHOLIC Theology POST-INCUNABLE Basilisk Picture and Description:

 496633006518634310 1511 ANTONINUS OF FLORENCE Summa IV CATHOLIC Theology POST INCUNABLE  Basilisk

[Early Printing - Post-Incunabula - Basel] [Early Book Illustration - Woodcuts - Master D. S.] [Roman Catholic Church] [Moral Theology] [Canon Law] [Renaissance Bindings - Germany - early 16th century] Printed by J. Amerbach, J. Petri and J. Froben, Basel, 1511. (Misprinted on colophon as "15011".) Text in the original Latin. Offered here is a complete and self-contained 4th volume (of 4) of the RARE AND BEAUTIFULLY PRINTED POST-INCUNABLE EDITION of the doctrinal cornerstone of late-medieval moral theology, the monumental Summa Theologica, the opus magnum of St. Antoninus Florentinus (1389-1459), the Archbishop of Florence. Our exemplar is in a fine and very appealing Renaissance German binding of blindstamped pigskin over wooden boards, and with a superb provenance: a possession note (with purchase date 1533) of Wolfgang Sedelius, aka Seydel or Seidl (1492-1562). A noted German theologian and mystic, Seydel was a Bendictine monk at Tegernsee Abbey in Bavaria and a preacher at the Augustinerkirche in Munich; he is the author of the treatise "On the Mystical Temple of Solomon" (De Templo Salomonis Mystico, Mainz, 1548). The volume also contains some interesting manuscript marginalia in Seydel's hand. The volume is embellished with a striking large woodcut on title-page, used as a printer's device of the press of Amerbach, Petri, and Froben working in association. The magnificent woodcut by 'Master D.S.' depicts a shield with the arms of the city of Basel held by the mythical Basilisk, or "Amphasies Cockatoo" within a floral border. (In other volumes of this edition the device cut is signed with initials 'D S,' has the Basilisk facing in the other direction, and includes the place and date of publication on a tablet hung from the border which is architectural rather than floral). This Volume IV mainly deals with the moral and cardinal virtues, grace and the gifts of the Holy Spirit. It discusses the virtues and beatitudes of Christian living and closes with a praise of the Virgin as the model of virtue. Chapter De timore servili (Titulus XIV, Cap. V) includes a chillingly detailed description of the pains suffered by souls in Hell. The state of souls in the Purgatory is also discussed in much detail. Also of interest is Antoninus's critique of the doctrines of Muslims, Jews, "pagan philosophers" and other "heretics". The text draws extensively on the works of earlier theologians, especially Thomas Aquinas, but also includes discussions of specific examples and life situations, which provide much curious and valuable information on the society, customs and economic life of the fifteenth century. Antoninus, Archbishop of Florence was born at Florence 1 March, 1389. His parents, Niccolo and Thomasina Pierozzi, were in high standing, Niccolo being a notary of the Florentine Republic. At the age of fifteen Antoninus applied to Bl. John Dominic, the great Italian religious reformer of the period, then at the Convent of Santa Maria Novella in Florence, for admission to the Dominican Order. In 1414 he was vicar of the convent of Foligno; then, in turn. sub-prior and prior of the convent of Cortona, and later prior of the convents in Rome, Naples, Sienna, and Fiesole. From 1433 to 1446 he was vicar of the Tuscan Congregation of convents embracing a more rigorous discipline. Despite all the efforts of St. Antoninus to escape ecclesiastical dignities, he was forced by Eugene IV, who had personal knowledge of his saintly character and administrative ability, to accept the Archbishopric of Florence. Despite the importance of his writings, Antoninus was pious, self-denying, simple in appearance and demeanor, and devoted to his office. His courageous efforts in helping the Florentine populace through the plague and famine in 1448 and 1453 provide only the most public evidence of his abiding faith and strength of character. Antoninus' highly regarded Summa theologica (also known as Summa moralis) offers a comprehensive treatment of Christian ethics and morals, intended for the use of preachers and confessors. Written between 1440 and 1459, the Summa was the most extensive work on moral theology produced up to its time. "The literary productions of St. Antoninus, while giving evidence of the eminently practical turn of his mind, show that he was a profound student of history and theology. His principal work is the "Summa Theologica Moralis, partibus IV distincta", written shortly before his death, which marked a new and very considerable development in moral theology. It also contains a fund of matter for the student of the history of the fifteenth century. So well developed are its juridical elements that it has been published under the title of Juris Pontificii et Caesarei Summa. An attempt was lately made by Crohns [...] to trace the fundamental principles of misogony, so manifest in the Malleus maleficarum of the German Inquisitors, to this work of Antoninus. But Paulus (Die Verachtung der Frau beim hl. Antonin, in Historisch-Politische Blätter, 1904, pp. 812-830) has shown [...] that this hypothesis is untenable, because based on a reading of only a part of the "Summa" of Antoninus. Within fifty years after the first appearance of the work (Venice, 1477), fifteen editions were printed at Venice, Spires, Nuremberg, Strasburg, Lyons, and Basle." (Catholic Encyclopedia) The superb woodcut on title page (see British Museum: Department of Prints & Drawings, E.2.373) depicts a basilisk holding in its beak a shield with the arms of the City of Basel, suspended on the leather strap; framed by an arch with leafy ornaments. According to British Museum catalogue, this edition of Antoninus probably contains "the earliest known" appearance of this woodcut (See Giulia Bartrum, German Renaissance Prints, exh. cat., BM, no.215; also Dodgson, 33; Bock, 36) Early 16th century Swiss woodcutter and painter known as "Master D S" has been identified (Fischel) with Daniel Schwegeler, who in 1503 paid to become a freeman of Leipzig. Documents on the Schwegler's family have been taken (Fischel, see 1984 exh. cat.) with stylistic facets of the woodcuts to present a coherent plausible identity for DS. Gregor Schwegler, his father, was a notary in the episcopates of Konstanz and Basle. Daniel Schwegler (c. 1482-1543) matriculated as a citizen of Konstanz at Basle University in 1496-7. His elder brother Hartmann Schwegler preceded him to Leipzig, held a vicariate near Mainz from 1502 and in 1504 received a living in Basle. A connection with Mainz appears in the works of DS, insofar as they are the only ones from Basle to show stylistic affinities to the Middle-Rhenish art of the time, especially to Gruenewald. By 1506 Daniel Schwegler is documented as a member of the episcopal court of Basle. From 1513, when no further work by DS is known, he served as episcopal procurator. Bibliographic references: Adams A 1215; VD 16 A 2959; Panzer VI. p. 188; Hieronymus, Petri/Schwabe, No. 18; Heckethorn p. 45-6; Stockmeyer & Reber, Basler Buchdruckergeschichte, p. 48, No. 41; Nagler 11, 1369; Dogdson No. 32; Bock, Meister DS, No. 35. Physical description: Folio, 31½ x 21½ cm (leaves measure: 30 cm x 20.7 cm). Contemporary (probably original) German Renaissance binding: full blind-paneled pigskin over beveled wooden boards. Old vellum (?) labels to front board: one with manuscript title, the other (smaller) with a shelf mark. Unfoliated; [244] leaves (forming 488 pages). Signature collation: a-z8 aa-ff8 gg-hh6. COLLATED AND COMPLETE. Printed in double column, in Gothic letter. Title with large woodcut device (approximately 177 mm x 155 mm) of a Basilisk holding a shield. Woodcut lombard initials of various sizes throughout; several (unrubricated) capital spaces. Colophon and register on recto of final leaf (hh6r). Rear pastedown made of a printed bifolium from an early edition of Melanchthon's Loci communes.. Provenance: Wolfgang Sedelius, aka Seydel (1492-1562), a prominent German benedictine theologian with his possession & purchase note of ink to bottom margin of title 'Ego sum fratris Wolfgangi Sedelij, emptus anno domini 1533'. An elegant vellum shelf-mark label of an old German library on bottom of front cover. Condition: Binding rubbed, with light soiling; traces of perished original clasps and catches; a small hole, apparently from a metal boss at center of front board; repaired superficial 'scar' to leather on rear cover. Without free endpapers. Some leaves with contemporary ink marginalia and occasional underlining in red or brown ink in 16th century hand (probably W. Seydel's). Occasional light spotting; minor, mostly marginal soiling to title page and a few other leaves. Binding cracking slightly at signature i, but holding firm, and is still secure and tight. Generally, a clean, bright, wide-margined example with important provenance, in attractive blind-stamped pigskin Renaissance binding. Please click on thumbnails below to see larger images. The winner must contact us within three days, and payment is due within seven days after the end of the auction. Please be responsible and bid only if you have a serious intention to purchase the item. The book will be shipped by FedEx FREE of charge to any US location. International Express shipping offered at discount cost.

 496633006518634311 1511 ANTONINUS OF FLORENCE Summa IV CATHOLIC Theology POST INCUNABLE  Basilisk
 496633006518634312 1511 ANTONINUS OF FLORENCE Summa IV CATHOLIC Theology POST INCUNABLE  Basilisk
 496633006518634313 1511 ANTONINUS OF FLORENCE Summa IV CATHOLIC Theology POST INCUNABLE  Basilisk